Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure performed by orthopedic surgeons to diagnose and treat joint problems. During arthroscopy, the orthopedist uses an instrument called an arthroscope to view and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, thin tube that is inserted into the patient’s body. A camera and light source are attached to the arthroscope, which displays the view into the joint on a video monitor.
This procedure allows an orthopedic surgeon to see inside the joint, e.g. where the surgeon can see in detail the cartilage, ligaments, and areas below the knee. Therefore, the surgeon can determine the nature or severity of the injury and correct it if necessary.